Did you know that moles can actually be beneficial to our lawns? It’s true. A mole’s main diet consists mainly of insects, many of which are lawn damaging. However (and unfortunately for us), a mole’s favorite snack is the earthworm. And when in search for these tasty critters, a mole will dig various shallow tunnels throughout our yards, leaving behind various mounds of dirt and destruction. We have answered many of your questions below regarding characteristics of moles, why they dig so much, ways to prevent moles from destroying your property and also solutions for getting rid of moles from your property. If you have any further questions, if you have a mole on your property or if you would like a free inspection, please feel free to call our office anytime at 1-800-814-3766.
Moles tunnel for food and nesting purposes. Moles eat from 60% to 100% of their bodyweight each day and the normal weight of an adult mole is approximately 4oz or .25lbs. A mole’s diet consists of earthworms, grubs, insects, and slugs. However, because of their high fat content, earthworms are a mole’s favorite food. Interestingly enough, most of the insects that moles eat, minus the earthworms, are actually damaging to our lawns. So in that way, moles are actually beneficial to our lawns because they get rid of lawn destroying bugs. However, when it comes to searching for earthworms, a mole must dig shallow tunnels to find them, leaving behind mounds of dirt and shallow tunnels. In order for moles to fulfill their daily dietary needs, they must tunnel for food an amazing 18 feet per hour. Once the tunnels are dug, moles use their stereoscopic sense of smell to sniff out their food sources.
Mole’s nesting areas, which are called larders, are deeper in the ground and are often undetectable from the surface.
A mole’s tunnels are usually close to the surface and are what causes the raised areas of the lawn. This can be harmful to lawns because the raised areas of the tunnels separate the grass roots from the soil which ultimately kills the lawn in those areas. The lawn will turn a yellowish color due to it slowly dying off. The exposed soils along the tunnels are then open to weed propagation. In Florida, crab grass is a popular weed that will take root in exposed areas of the lawn along the tunnels.
Although there is no mole “season”, mole activity is at its peak during spring and fall. Spring time is also when female moles will give birth to their young.
Depending on the situation and evaluation from our wildlife technician, either a bait or trap will be used. Once our technicians survey the property and its damage, they will then decide which exclusion option is best fitting for the situation.
We do not recommend flooding the tunnels with water. The soil in central Florida is sandy, soft and loose. The water will just get soaked up into the sandy soil and not do a thing to drive out the mole. The mole may come up to the ground temporarily but will go back down into his tunnel after the water has subsided. The best thing to do if you have a mole is call a professional that is knowledgeable in mole activity, to trap the mole.